Top 10 Impurities Bad Water can have

Top 10 Impurities Bad Water can have

Water is the other name of life. One cannot imagine what would happen to civilization and mankind without its existence. For centuries we have seen the effect of source of water in dictating where human settlement would be. Even to this day we can infer it from the fact that most of the major cities of the world are located either on the riverside or on the sea shores. Apart from supporting civilization by providing means of transport, one of the major uses of water is in drinking. An average person can spend weeks without food but he or she can never spend more than a couple of days without drinking water. Not only that, it plays a vital role in quenching thirst and aids in the metabolism of the body by helping in digestion and excretion. Without pure water or what is known as potable water, mankind will head towards doom and several diseases will take over the health of the people. Therefore attention must be paid to the impurities that may be present in water and the ways they can be eliminated so that clean potable water is available for use. Water also plays a vital role in supporting livestock and fauna. As we all know how trees are essential for our survival, we must be able to provide clean and usable water for the plants and trees. There are several methods that exist now-a-days to clean the available water to the required standard. These methods include filtering, osmosis, distillation, chlorination etc.but some of the cruder methods can also be used to render the available water fit for use for basic necessities. The purification techniques aim to remove the impurities that are present in water. Some of the techniques are targeted in the sense that they generally tend to remove some particular type of impurity from the available water. On the other hand some are common which take out multiple impurities.

10. Human Waste

9. Suspended Impurities

8. Animal Waste

7. Heavy Metals

6. Hard Metals

5. Colloids

4. Dissolved Gases

3. Radioactive Wastes

2. Chemical Impurities

1. Microorganisms

Microorganisms are perhaps the most important and deadly impurities present in water. Living organisms like algae, bacteria, protozoa and several kinds of virus like rhino-virus, echo-virus etc. can present a variety of diseases that can even be transmitted by water and are therefore called water borne diseases. Some of the water borne diseases are cholera, diarrhea, giardia etc. The most common bacterium found in water is Escherichia Coli or e-coli and is considered to be one of the first microorganisms ever to infect water. Some of the pathogens can cause gastroenteritis and dysentery that can cause destruction on a large scale. Several methods have been prescribed by doctors and specialists to counter this problem of microorganisms in water and make the water potable. One of the methods is ultrafiltration which consists of filtering the impure water through a filter that has microscopic pores, typically in the range of 0.1 micron. Chlorine and other halogens are used to disinfect the water from microorganisms in many applications. Treatment with chlorine has proved to be very worthwhile and has shown very good results.

 

 

Top 10 Impurities Bad Water can have

Top 10 Impurities Bad Water can have

Top 10 Impurities Bad Water can have

 

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