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10 Plane Crashes That Changed Aviation – Plane Crash History

10 Plane Crashes That Changed Aviation – Plane Crash History : Today we will tell you about the 10 major disasters in aviation history, from which lessons have been made to improve the aviation security, thanks to which the air travel is largely safe today. There are 8 major plane crashes and two emergency landing in these 10 major accidents. i hope you enjoy reading 10 Plane Crashes That Changed Aviation in history

 

1.TWA Lockheed Super and United Airlines Douglas DC-7 Incident:

On June 30, 1956, TWA Lockheed Super and United Airlines Douglas DC-7 collided with the Grand Canyon to collide with each other. TWA Lockheed Super had 64 passengers with 6 crew members and Douglas DC-7 had 53 passengers with 5 crew members.

Dead: 128

Reason: Both aircraft were controlled by Instrument Flight Rules (IFR). The pilots of both of them changed the route already fixed, because the airways were not directly controlled from the control room. According to the rules of the time many points were fixed. These were fixed routes of different companies.

Change: Air traffic control system has been improved by spending 250 million dollars at that time due to this accident.

Result: After the improvement in the air traffic control system, there was no crash in the US for 47 years. After this incident, the Federal Aviation Agency (now administration) was started in 1958. It is the responsibility of Air Safety.

 

 

2-United Airlines Flight 173 Incident:

On December 28, 1978 United Airlines Flight 173 crashed in Portland, the sub-urban area of ​​Oregon. This aircraft was about to land at Portland International Airport. In an attempt to emergency landing, crashed in the southeastern part of Plain Airport but it did not fire. There were 185 passengers and 8 crew members in the plane.

Dead: Deaths of 19 including 8 crew members.

Wounded: 21 passengers.

Reason: Captain’s failure to monitor the aircraft’s fuel. With this, the oil was exhausted from both the engines. Due to the supply of the fuel stopping, the landing gear got disturbed and the attempt of the emergency landing was unsuccessful. “10 Plane Crashes That Changed Aviation “

Change :
– All crew members were given cockpit training.
– New cockpit resource management (CRM) was adopted.
This technical training was made mandatory for other members of the aircraft.

Result: Crew members succeeded in saving crash landing of DC-10 in Sioux City of Iowa in 1989, due to improvements.

 

 

3-Air Canada Flight 797 (McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32) Incident:

On June 2, 1983, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32 from Air Canada Flight 797 was going to Montreal from Texas. The crew member saw at an altitude of 33,00 feet that smoke was coming out from the toilets in the back of the plane. The Palat landed at Cincinnati Airport. Immediate emergency door and other gates were also opened, but people could get out of the plane, even before the explosion in the cabin from the fire. There were 46 people in the plane.

Dead: 23

Reason: Fire in the back part of the plane. The crew member ignored the fire, but why it could not be detected.

Change :
– Smoke detectors and automatic fire extinguishing machines were found in toilets of all planes.
– A fire resistant layer was installed on the seats of Jetliners.
– Lightening arrangements were also made in the floor of the plane. This will reduce the hassle of frequent smoke travelers.

result :

After 1988, more and more safe and fire-resistant interior was being prepared in planes.

 

4 – Delta Airline Flight 191 (Lockheed L-1011-385-1):

The afternoon weather in Dallas, Texas, on August 2, 1985 was a bad one. The temperature was high but there was also moisture. At 4:03 p.m., Delta Airline’s Flight 191 was flying from the runway. There were 167 passenger riders in this Lockheed L-1011-385-1. At some height of 800 feet, something strange happened. An explosion occurred and in a few seconds the plane came down on the runway and highway. A vehicle came in its grip.

Number of dead: 137

Causes of the accident: Conditions of creating celestial electricity in the atmosphere will be created. This was the situation due to a weak frontal system.

Reform: After the crash, NASA prepared wind-windshield detector radars.

Result: This incident has recorded only one such accident since the incident.

 

5- Aeromexico Flight 498 Incident:

After the aerial accident in Grand Canyon in 1956, the ATC system made different routes of the airlines. It helped in preventing the accident. Despite this, on 31 August 1986, a private 4-seater Piper Archer aircraft could not detect the control room system in Los Angeles. AeroMaxico DC-9 pilot made a big mistake and the passenger plane going to the lading collided with LAX. Both pieces of the plane were scattered in the radius of 20 km of the resident area.

Dead: 82

Reason: The control room system could not detect the small plane in the airport area.

Plane Crash History – 10 Plane Crashes That Changed Aviation

Change :
– Transponders were used to allow small aircraft to enter the controlled area. This electronic device gives full details of the status of the plane and the height of its flight.
– Aircraft companies were required to set up TCS-2 anti-combat system.
– In such situations, the transponder pilot gives the correct instructions to save the plane.

Result: In the US, no small plane after this system has collided with an airliner.

 

6- Aloha Airlines, Flight 243, (Boeing 737-200, N73711) Incident:

On April 28, 1988, the Aloha Airlines Flight 243 boasts a major drawback of the Boeing 737 aircraft structure. The plane, which flies from Hawaii to Honolulu in Hawaii, has an accident of 24, 000 feet. The cabin door and the roof above the passengers were separated and separated. There were 89 passengers and 6 crew members in the plane. The Emergency landing of the aircraft at Kahului Airport of the Mother Islands
Has been done.

Dead: None

Injured: Severe injuries to 7 passengers and one airline assistant

Reason: Not enough maintenance.

Change: Air Carrier Maintenance Programs and Monitoring Programs have been started. New criteria for certification and quality of engineering design were decided.

 

7- US Air Flight 427, (Boeing 727) Incident:

On September 8, 1987, Boeing 727 of American Air Flight 427 reached Pittsburgh International Airport. It was at a height of 6,000 feet, then suddenly the radar slipped into the left side. The plane started eating dive. The crew tried a lot to control it, but it could not be stopped. There were 132 people in the plane.

Dead: 132

Reason: The pilot’s control of the aircraft will be shifted from the left side of the radar. After five years of investigation, NTSB arrived at the conclusion that due to a valve jam the radar system was removed from its place. This is an accident.

Dispute: US Air blames Boeing and the company is guilty of crew members.

Change: Boeing spent $ 500 million to replace the old radar components in 28,00 jets
New ones

Result: Aviation Disaster Family Assistance Act has been passed to help families of those killed in an accident.

 

8. ValuJet Flight 592

On May 11, 1996, Valu Jet Flight 572 flew to Atlanta with 110 people from Florida State’s Miami City International Airport. Everglades crash due to a fire in its cargo compartment. This aircraft was able to fly late due to technical reasons for 1 hour 4 minutes. Actually, this was a 27 year old plane. For the first time, it flew on April 18, 1969. For two years, there were complaints of irregularities in the aircraft.

Dead: 110

Reason: The fire in the aircraft resulted in an electrical supply disruption and the pilot lost control.
– This fire was caused by chemical oxygen generators. They were illegally put in the contractor company of the airline’s maintenance aircraft. 10 Plane Crashes That Changed Aviation
– The pilot could not land the plane at the right time.

Changes: For all airliners it is compulsory to set fire extinguisher automatic equipment in cargo cabin.
– In the air, strictly prohibited on carrying flammable materials.

Result: The reasons for such reasons were not met again.

 

9- TWA Flight 800- Boeing 747 Incident:

On July 17, 1996, the flight from JFK International Airport to Paris, but it was submerged in the Atlantic Ocean. There were 230 people in the plane.

Dead: 230

Reason: The debris of the aircraft could not be found.

Controversy: There were rumors in the media that the terrorist organization attacked or the plane was dropped in the missile attack. The investigation agencies denied this. After four years of investigation, the fuel tank feared the possibility of fire. 10 Plane Crashes That Changed Aviation and Plane Crash History

Changes: The scarcity of sparking was reduced in wiring in planes. Boeing has developed a fuel-inter-system. This fuel transports nitrogen gas to the tank, thereby reducing the possibility of explosion.

Result: The possibility of a fire in the fuel tank is greatly reduced.

 

10 – Swissair Flight 111 Incident:

SwissAir Flight 111 (McDonnell Douglas MD 11) was going from New York to Geneva. The smoke came out from the cockpit, and four minutes later the pilot lowered the plane towards Halifax. It dropped to the Atlantic Sea 65 km from Nova Scotia. There were 229 passengers on board.

Dead: 229

Reason: Fire in the cockpit. It started sparking in the entertainment network of the plane.

Change: Meyer Insulating Company Plans New McDonald Douglas Jet’s New Wiring It was fitted with fire retardant material.

 

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How to Kiss a Girl? Kissing Tips and Advice, How To French Kiss A Girl

You will never get a second chance at making a great 1st impression, or  the art of French kissing is 1 of those life experiences that you want to get right the 1st time. French kissing can be a lot of fun if it's done correctly; but get it wrong, and/or it could be a relationship turn off. French kissing correctly begins with the knowledge of step by step instructions from those that have mastered the art of French kissing.

How to French Kiss Step by Step

 

1. Preparation

Successful French kissing begins with proper oral hygiene or a bit of planning. Be careful what you eat. Obvious turn-offs such as onions, garlic, or tuna are not wise choices, but other food items such as alcohol, cheese, or spicy foods, can also make your mouth a no go zone. Whenever possible, keep a travel toothbrush or a breath mint with you, you're going to want to make sure that your breath is fresh before you begin planting the passionate kiss.  

2. Find the Right Angle

When you are ready, lean in to your partner at an angle that avoids any collision with your nose. You will also want to angle your head back to avoid bumping heads. Begin this step going in while gazing deeply into your partner's eyes, and close them as you lean in for the kiss.  

3. Moisturize and Start Slow

Before your lips meet for the first time, take a moment to lick your lips to moisturize them. Start out slowly placing tiny kisses beginning at the corner, and working them to the center of your partner's lips. You will want to control the closed mouth kiss, enjoying the friction of your lips against your partner's while building up passion for the open mouth French kiss. Make sure your heads are in a comfortable position before moving on to the next step.  

4. Work the Way In

Now try deepening the kiss by opening your mouth slightly and encourage her lips apart with your lips. Take your time, it's not a marathon, if your partner shows any signs of withdrawing, resume closed mouth kissing. But if your partner appears to be enjoying it, keep parting her lips, moving them in a slow, circular motion. The idea is to start with slow movements to open the mouth as passion intensifies, and the kisses become steamy.

5. The Tongue Comes into Play

French kissing is not complete until you use your tongues. You can start by tracing your partner's lips with your tongue, or inserting your tongue gently in their mouth. Be patient and try coaxing their tongue to interact with yours. The goal is to get the mouth open, so your tongues can take the passion to new levels.  

6. Have Fun!

Once you have succeeded, you can alternatively touch your partner's tongue gently, and explore the inside of their mouth. Try alternating lips with tongue and start touching tongues against each other lightly, but going back to the lips frequently, which acts as a simulation of the sexual act itself. Once you're passionately kissing, use your tongue as a tool to explore and have fun with your partner, kissing gently, but passionately.

7. Don't Forget to Breathe

As silly as it might sound, don't forget to breathe! Remember that when French kissing, you will not want to run out of breath. You should be able to comfortably enjoy the moment, exploring your partner's mouth and tongue. Focus on the moment, enjoy the sensations, explore possibilities to increase the pleasure; but above all, keep up the intensity of the kiss, and show your partner just how much you love to French kiss them.

8. Stop Slowly

Don't just stop all at once. Gently roll back the intensity of your French kissing until you're back to those lip touching kisses, and let them trail off gradually.
If it still bothers you with the how to French kiss step by step instructions above, watch this for a clearer demonstration:
   

Tips for Better Kissing

1. Good Hygiene

Aside from having a clean mouth, you'll also want to have a clean body prior to any date. Proper hygiene includes bathing or showering, and using a good deodorant. The cleaner you are, the more irresistible you'll be for your date.

2. Proper Grooming

Before you apply the instructions of how to French kiss step by step, pay attention to your appearances. You don't have to wear fancy clothing, but you'll want to dress up for the occasion. Make sure whatever you wear compliments your overall appearance. Your clothes should be clean and attractive; and the more attractive you appear, the more inclined your partner will be in getting close up and personal.

3. Appropriate Lipstick (for Girls)

Do not overdo it, ladies! As it relates to lipstick, try using a shade that is flattering your lips, making them look kissable. A nice touch might be using lip-gloss, as long as it's not too sticky. Remember not to wear heavy or darker shades of lipstick; it just ends up making a mess of you and your partner's face.

4. Before the Kiss

It's important to set the stage before the kiss. You'll want to slowly and gradually ease your date into the mood. This is accomplished by exchanging loving looks, and gazing into each other's eyes. Gently stroking your partner's hair or face, caressing the back of the neck, or rubbing your partner's earlobe, sets up the very passionate French kiss.

5. Keep It Private

Unless you're into public displays of affection, French kisses, especially the first ones, should be in a private setting. Try setting the mood with some music, it will probably enhance the romantic moment.

6. Additional Tips

Things you should look out for with the how to French kiss step by step instructions:
  • If you're sitting on a couch or love seat, turn towards each other.
  • Learn to know the difference between if they're toying with you, or teasing you, by refusing to get closer.
  • Pull your partner closer to you using gentle pressure, but try not to be insistent or forceful.
  • If your partner shows any sign of resistance, slow down or stop completely.

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